Distributor:  Global Environmental Justice
Length:  25 minutes
Date:  2008
Genre:  Expository
Language:  Indonesian / English subtitles
Color/BW:  Color

Curator

Jason Carbine, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Whittier College

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5x5 Voices of Change from the Forests of Indonesia

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A series of five documentary films examining the human stories behind illegal logging in Indonesia.

5x5 Voices of Change from the Forests of Indonesia

Curator 
This film was selected by Jason A. Carbine, C. Milo Connick Chair of Religious Studies, Associate Professor Department of Religious Studies, WHittier College

Teacher's guide
A teaching guide is in progress. The guide will include background and suggested subjects, questions and activities.

Synopses of the five films

1. Knasaimos People, Serimuk, West Papua, Indonesia The Knasaimos, deeply affected by illegal logging, gain greater control of their land. The Knaisaimos were severely affected by the illegal logging trade. This trade destroyed the livelihoods and social structure of their villages. A recent government enforcement action has since clamped down on this illegal logging. The film highlights the success of the enforcement and examines how the local communities will benefit from an increased share and control of their ancestral forestland. Affiliated NGO: The Environmental Investigation Agency and Telapak have worked with the Knasaimos people since 2002. The two NGOs exposed the rampant illegal logging in the area that led to the government enforcement action in 2005. This work is part of their global campaign to promote ideas and distribute information to improve forest policy in Indonesia and throughout the world. They have since been initiated into the Knasaimos Tribe and continue to help them decide their future.

2. Dayak Meratus. Meratus Mountain Area, Kalimantan, Indonesia The Daka Meratus, threatened by logging, mining and oil palm plantations organize cooperatives and seek legal recognition of their rights to the forest. Dayak Meratus communities have created cooperatives that protect local resources and develop business institutions. The communities use non-timber forest products such as rubber to generate sustainable livelihoods. However, the encroachment of private businesses on the local forestland for large scale plantations, mining and forest concessions threaten their way of life and have forced them to respond. Affiliated NGO: Since 1998 Lembaga Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Adat (LPMA) have helped strengthen the Meratus Dayak by maintaining their indigenous forests. This work assists the Dayak in managing their natural resources, restructuring indigenous institutions and community law. The Dayak have become financially self-sufficient and with LPMA they are now seeking legal recognition of their traditional land rights.

3. The Forests of South East Sulawesi Konawe Selatan, Sulawesi, Indonesia Forest communities in Sulawesi create Indonesia's first sustainable logging cooperative, but endemic corruption could undermine their success. Local people develop a sustainable community based logging cooperative. The land was purchased by the community and is farmed for teak. The cooperative is the first in Indonesia to achieve Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification for sustainability. This has helped to regulate timber production and secure fair prices. However, this logging program is under continued threat by Indonesia’s endemic corruption. Affiliated NGO: The South Sulawesi Forest Network Institution (JAUH) formed a partnership with the community logging cooperative Koperasi Hutan Jaya Lestari (KHJL). Together they have improved forest management in the region and achieved FSC certification for the timber KHJL produce. JAUH continue to work defending the cooperative in the face of renewed pressure from the illegal timber industry.

4. Indonesian Civil Society Members of Indonesian civil society travel to Brussels to urge European countries to create better laws for combating illegal timber entering the European Union. A West Papuan tribal leader accompanies the delegation and presents a speech on behalf of his communit, who have suffered directly from the impact of illegal logging. These meetings and the continued work of Indonesian civil society has meant that they have now been officially recognised as an integral part of the negotiations between the EU and the Indonesia government on illegal logging. Affiliated NGO: Since 1999 the Environmental Investigation Agency and Telapak have been providing training to a network of grass roots non-government organizations in Indonesia. This project has significantly enhanced the ability of local organizations and communities to ensure their voices are heard globally using video, photography and evidence gathering techniques. Their work has also involved taking these NGOs to lobby consumer countries importing illegal Indonesian timber.

5. Bukit Lawang North Sumatra, Indonesia Illegal logging in a national park in North Sumatra triggers devastating floods. Could voluntary controls and increased tourism help to preserve the forests that the community relies on? The film is based in Bukit Lawang where devastating floods caused over 239 deaths in 2003. The flooding was attributed to illegal logging in the surrounding Gunung Leuser National Park. Since the floods this community has been involved in voluntary forest governance and enforcement schemes in an attempt to curb the ongoing problems of illegal logging in the National Park. Also through the assistance of a local NGO, YLL, the community has started to recognise the important role of ecotourism in the preservation of their surrounding forests. Affiliated NGO: Medan based NGO, Yayasan Leuser Lestari (YLL), has worked to raise the profile of ecotourism in Bukit Lawang. Their work has also involved the tracking of court cases into the cause of the flooding. They regularly conduct investigations into illegal logging in order to campaign against forest destruction and land conversion.

 

 

 

 

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5x5 Voices of Change from the Forests of Indonesia

5×5 Voices of change from the forests of Indonesia

 ‘5×5’ is a series of five documentary films funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) and created by Handcrafted Films and its Indonesian partner Gekko Studios. Each film examines the human stories behind illegal logging in Indonesia.

Director's Introduction

Travelling across Indonesia’s vast archipelago at the beginning of 2007 filming extensively throughout Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Sumatra and West Papua, we gained unique access to ordinary forest dwelling people and examined close-up their personal battle at the front-line of deforestation. For many the issues surrounding climate change, deforestation and illegal logging can seem inordinately complex; the human side – the personal stories – can often be forgotten. But occasionally these global problems can affect one tiny area; and suddenly, in a microcosm, all the devastation and horror take on a very real human face. The communities and villages featured in this serialisation have all found themselves thrust into such a position.

Knasaimos People
Serimuk, West Papua, Indonesia

The Knasaimos, deeply affected by illegal logging, gain greater control of their land.  

The Knaisaimos were severely affected by the illegal logging trade. This trade destroyed the livelihoods and social structure of their villages. A recent government enforcement action has since clamped down on this illegal logging. The film highlights the success of the enforcement and examines how the local communities will benefit from an increased share and control of their ancestral forestland.

Affiliated NGO:
The Environmental Investigation Agency and Telapak have worked with the Knasaimos people since 2002. The two NGOs exposed the rampant illegal logging in the area that led to the government enforcement action in 2005. This work is part of their global campaign to promote ideas and distribute information to improve forest policy in Indonesia and throughout the world. They have since been initiated into the Knasaimos Tribe and continue to help them decide their future.

***

Dayak Meratus
Meratus Mountain Area, Kalimantan, Indonesia

The Daka Meratus, threatened by logging, mining and oil palm plantations organize cooperatives  and seek legal recognition of their rights to the forest.

Dayak Meratus communities have created cooperatives that protect local resources and develop business institutions. The communities use non-timber forest products such as rubber to generate sustainable livelihoods. However, the encroachment of private businesses on the local forestland for large scale plantations, mining and forest concessions threaten their way of life and have forced them to respond.

Affiliated NGO:
Since 1998 Lembaga Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Adat (LPMA) have helped strengthen the Meratus Dayak by maintaining their indigenous forests. This work assists the Dayak in managing their natural resources, restructuring indigenous institutions and community law. The Dayak have become financially self-sufficient and with LPMA they are now seeking legal recognition of their traditional land rights.

***

The Forests of South East Sulawesi
Konawe Selatan, Sulawesi, Indonesia

Forest communities in Sulawesi create Indonesia's first sustainable logging cooperative, but endemic corruption could undermine their success. 

Local people develop a sustainable community based logging cooperative. The land was purchased by the community and is farmed for teak. The cooperative is the first in Indonesia to achieve Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification for sustainability. This has helped to regulate timber production and secure fair prices. However, this logging program is under continued threat by Indonesia’s endemic corruption.

Affiliated NGO:
The South Sulawesi Forest Network Institution (JAUH) formed a partnership with the community logging cooperative Koperasi Hutan Jaya Lestari (KHJL). Together they have improved forest management in the region and achieved FSC certification for the timber KHJL produce. JAUH continue to work defending the cooperative in the face of renewed pressure from the illegal timber industry.

***

Indonesian Civil Society

Members of Indonesian civil society travel to Brussels to urge European countries to create better laws for combating illegal timber entering the European Union (EU).

A West Papuan tribal leader accompanies the delegation and presents a speech on behalf of his communit, who have suffered directly from the impact of illegal logging. These meetings and the continued work of Indonesian civil society has meant that they have now been officially recognised as an integral part of the negotiations between the EU and the Indonesia government on illegal logging.

Affiliated NGO:
Since 1999 the Environmental Investigation Agency and Telapak have been providing training to a network of grass roots non-government organisations in Indonesia. This project has significantly enhanced the ability of local organisations and communities to ensure their voices are heard globally using video, photography and evidence gathering techniques. Their work has also involved taking these NGOs to lobby consumer countries importing illegal Indonesian timber.

 

***

Bukit Lawang
North Sumatra, Indonesia

Illegal logging  in a national park triggers devastating floods.  Could voluntary controls and increased tourism help to preserve the forests that the community relies on?

The film is based in Bukit Lawang where devastating floods caused over 239 deaths in 2003. The flooding was attributed to illegal logging in the surrounding Gunung Leuser National Park. Since the floods this community has been involved in voluntary forest governance and enforcement schemes in an attempt to curb the ongoing problems of illegal logging in the National Park. Also through the assistance of a local NGO, YLL, the community has started to recognise the important role of ecotourism in the preservation of their surrounding forests.

Affiliated NGO:
Medan based NGO, Yayasan Leuser Lestari (YLL), has worked to raise the profile of ecotourism in Bukit Lawang. Their work has also involved the tracking of court cases into the cause of the flooding. They regularly conduct investigations into illegal logging in order to campaign against forest destruction and land conversion.

Distribution of the films.

All five films were broadcast daily on SCTV, Indonesia’s number one TV station, to over 13 million Indonesians on the Liputan 6 morning news during the UN Bali Conference on Climate Change 2008. The films have been screened at various international conferences and meetings and frequently appear on websites including Forest Stewardship Council, Babelgum, GreenTV and BBC Filmnetwork.

Bottom of Form

 

"Who will stop this madness of climate change, if not us, then who, if not now, then when?" --Yeb Saño, Filipino climate activist. "If not us then who" is the general title of a project by Hancrafted Films that produces films about indigenous peoples and their efforts to protect and conserve forests globally.


Awards

All five films were broadcast daily on SCTV, Indonesia’s number one TV station, to over 13 million Indonesians on the Liputan 6 morning news during the UN Bali Conference on Climate Change 2008. The films have been screened at various international conferences and meetings and frequently appear on websites including Forest Stewardship Council, Babelgum, GreenTV and BBC Filmnetwork.

Citation

Main credits

Redman, Paul (film director)
Redman, Paul (director of photography)
Redman, Paul (editor of moving image work)
Sigit, Ridzki R. (film producer)
Lewis, Tim (film producer)

Other credits

Original score, Jamie Elkins.


Distributor credits

Ridzki R. Sigit and Tim Lewis

Paul Redman

Director – Paul Redman
Editor- Paul Redman
Assistant Director – Nanang Sujana
Produced By – Ridzki R. Sigit
Produced By – Tim Lewis
Original Score – Jamie Elkins
Camera Operatrs – Nanang Sujana and Paul Redman
Sound – Tim Lewis
Funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) and created by Handcrafted Films and its Indonesian partner Gekko Studios

Docuseek2 subjects

Environmental Justice
Asian Studies
Anthropology and Archaeology
History
Politics and Political Science
Geography
Ethnography
Environmental Health
Forests and Rainforests
Sustainability
Asia
Climate Change
Agriculture and Food
Corporate Social Responsibility
Citizenship, Social Movements and Activism
Human Rights
Forestry
Food
Global / International Studies
Globalization
Communication and Media Studies
Journalism and the Press
Indigenous Studies
Biodiversity
Conservation and Protection
Environmentalists
Habitat Destruction
Resource Planning and Management
Ethics
Colonialism
Ecology
Irian Jaya
South Asia
Environmental Geography
Religion and Spirituality

Distributor subjects

Asian Studies
Biodiversity
Bioregions and Habitat
Climate Change
Ecosystems
Forests
Logging
Globalization
Human Rights
Indonesia

Keywords

archipelago; Borneo; Department for International Development (DFID); Forestry; Illegal logging; Indonesia; Java; Knasaimos people; Sulawesi; Sumatra; West Papua; Yayadan Leuser Lestari (YLL)l; Bukit Lawang; flooding; logging; eco campaign; land conversion; North Sumatra; Indonesian timber; grassroots organizations; Environmental Investigation Agency; logging cooperative; sustainability; community; "5x5"; Global Environmental Justice;

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